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Ruins of Vikramshila

The ruins of the ancient Vikramshila University, which was hailed as an epitome of learning and civilization.

Situated at Antichak in Kahalgaon sub-division, 38 KM from Bhagalpur, ancient Vikramshila University was famous as a centre of learning during the Pala dynasty period of 783-820 AD. The university was established by King Dharampala (the devout Pala king who was a patron of Mahayana Buddhism) of the Pala dynasty of the then Bengal province (now Kahalgaon) in the year 783 AD.

Two things impressed Dharampala and prompted him to establish the university. First, the rocky hillock anchored around the confluence of the Kosi and Ganga rivers at Bateshwar Sthaan was not only a scenic attraction but also a popular Tantric site. Besides, there were various other caves and rock-cut sculptures dating back to the c. 6-7 th century CE. Second, the Ganga here was Uttar Vahini (flowing northwards) and, as such, the place was a pilgrim centre which drew large crowds during Varsavardhana.


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