One approaches the Badi Patan Devi temple at Patna through multiple lanes in the city. This temple is to south-east of the famous Sikh Gurudwara, Harmandir Sahib, the birthplace of Guru Govind Singh.
One among the 52 Shaktipeethas it is believed that the right thigh and pata and cloth of ma sati fell at Magadha, which is identified as Maharajganj and Chowk area of Patna. So two different temples of Badi Patan Devi and Choti Patan Devi have been built in these areas, also called Ma Sarwandkaari Patneshwari, located to the east of Patna Railway Junction.
A popular belief is that when the body part of Ma Sati fell here, three goddesses-Mahakali, Mahalakshmi and Mahasarasswati came into existence, whose idols are placed in the Patan Devi temple.
One more belief is that name ‘Patan’ is derived from pata of the Sati, which fell here and the temples were named Badi Patan Devi and Chhoti Patan Devi.
The temple has special significance, as all three form of powers, Mahalakshmi, Mahasaraswati and Mahakali are present here in the form of stone statues. Says Mahant Vijay Shankar Giriji that though vaishno Devi has three Goddesses, they are present there in pinda form only, Inside the sanctum, black stone statues of the Goddesses are placed on a throne in a standing posture. Their attire is sari and mukut (crown). There is also Vyom Bhairav with the deities which is called part of Shiva. A big havan Kunda (4-5feet deep) just in front of the sanctum, is where people offer worship materials continuously in its fire and do religious rituals with sindoor and flowers. A large verandah covers the front space of the sanctum and havan Kunda lies in front of the exit gate of this verandah.